Top 10 High Sodium Food Commonly Consumed by Malaysians. Avoid These if You Don’t Want to Have High Blood Pressure.

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If you’re likely to experience headaches, difficulty breathing, nosebleed, fatigue, chest pain, and feel the pounding at chest, neck, or ear,  then you need to seek treatment from the physicians. This might say that you may have high blood pressure.
 
But, if you’ve never tried to seek help from physicians before, then it may seem alarming. And if you have tried to get the treatment for high blood pressure and these symptoms keep coming, then you already know that it’s not something you want to do through trial and error.

Hypertension a.k.a High Blood Pressure

Blood pressure is the measure of the force that the blood does towards the blood vessels and high blood pressure or hypertension is when the force is harder than the usual one. Consistently having high blood pressure makes the heart do extra work to pump out the blood throughout the body and it will cause the hardening of the blood vessel and eventually lead to kidney and heart failure. Thus one should maintain their blood pressure reading between 120mgHg for systolic and 80mmHg for diastolic. 

What causes hypertension?

83

Smoking

84

Being Overweight

85

Food High in Sodium

86

Stress

87

Older Age

88

Genetic

89

Heavy Alcohol Drinker

90

Chronic Kidney Failure

91

Sleep Apnea

Above all, having high sodium or salt diet is the leading factor to hypertension. So it also means that hypertension can be controlled by changing your daily diet. It should be a diet low in sodium now. 

How much sodium is considered low sodium?

Low sodium food is defined as food with a sodium concentration, not more than 0.12 g/100 g (solid) or 0.06 g/100 ml (liquid).

Meanwhile, the general recommendation by WHO (2012) of 2000 mg sodium or less than one teaspoon or 5 g salt or sodium chloride is adopted as a population nutrient intake goal for Malaysians. 

Some might say that they did not put too much salt into the meal but actually sodium also can be found in other types of food without us knowing. 

Salt or sodium is also written as Sodium Chloride, Sodium Nitrate, Monosodium Glutamate (MSG), Nitrium Chloride, Sodium Benzoate, Baking Soda, Sodium Bicarbonate, Disodium Phosphate, Sodium Alginate, Sodium Hydroxide, Sodium Propionate, Sodium Sulfate in the food packaging. 

It’s quite confusing, is it?

That’s why in this post I’ve developed this handy-dandy little guide to point out the top 10 food that is high in sodium.

So let’s get started…

#1: Instant Noodle

91 1

One pack of instant noodles contains 1340mg of sodium.

#2: Sauces

93

1 tablespoon of light soy sauce contains 1255mg sodium

1 tablespoon of thick soy sauce contains 564mg sodium.

1 tablespoon of fish sauce / budu contains 1032mg of sodium.

#3: Pickled Vegetables and Fruits

99

1 cup of pickled vegetables contains 938mg sodium while 100g of spicy pickled fruits contains 1480mg sodium!

#4: Stock Cube

96

1 cube chicken broth contains 1152mg sodium.

1 cube beef broth contains 864mg sodium.

1 piece of shrimp paste contains 629mg sodium while 1 tablespoon fermented shrimp (cencalok) contains 897mg sodium.

#5: Canned Food

94

1/2 cup canned baked bean contains 365 mg sodium

1 tin fish curry has 1056 mg sodium

1 cup canned vegetables contain 777 mg sodium

1/2 cup canned tomato soup contains 804mg sodium

1/2 cup canned corn beef has 777mg sodium

1 can mutton curry has 708mg sodium

1 small can of sardine has 476mg of sodium

#6: Dried Food

98

1/2 cup dried anchovy without head and entrails contains 758mg sodium

1 whole medium dried trevally, yellow-banded (selar kuning, kering) contains 1113mg sodium

#7: Fast Food

95

1 piece (140 g) fried chicken contains 664mg of sodium

1 whole cheeseburger contains 864mg of sodium

#8: Processed Food

97

1 whole beef burger contains 554 mg of sodium

2 whole large fish ball (bebola ikan) contains 378mg of sodium

# 9: Chips

92

1 big packet potato chip has 655mg sodium

#10: Nut

100

1 cup mixed nuts, salt added contains 917mg sodium

Based on the above food lists, some already exceeded the ‘low sodium” rules in the diet for hypertensive patients, and some almost achieved the tolerable upper intake if taken twice a day. Be aware of the sodium content of the food that you take.

Sodium Contents 1

The bottomline

Congratulations – you now know how to control your blood pressure by taking care of your diet. So the next thing you need to do is take action. Because the sooner you do, the sooner you can see the good control of your blood pressure reading.

Nazalikha Lokman
Nazalikha Lokman

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